Known and recognized for its nutritional qualities, the lentil is an annual plant that is easily grown in the garden.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Lens esculenta or culinaris
Family : Fabaceae
Type : Annual
Height : 40 to 50 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Light, even sandy
Harvest : July, before full maturity.
Read also :
- Recipes with lentils
- Health benefits and virtues of lenses
Green, red and even pink lentil, there are many varieties of lentils but all follow the same cultivation process.
For a variety of AOC lens, choose the Green lens from Puy. For a Label Rouge lens, choose the Berry lens. or the Saint Flour blonde lens.
When to sow lentils?
Lentil sowing takes place in place and in pocket in the spring for a summer harvest.
Emergence is quite rapid since it takes place about 10 days after sowing.
Lentil seedling spacing:
Regarding the varieties of lenses
- Space your seedlings in pockets of 35 cm in all directions.
- Hoe after emergence to prevent weeds from invading your seedlings.
The lens is part of the same family as the bean, the bean or the peas
Lens culture and care
The lens is easy to grow and maintain, the only requirement being to hoe the soil regularly because she hate weeds.
Lentil plants can be bumped when they reach 15 to 20 cm in order to promote their rooting and their good standing in the soil.
- Without ridging, the lenses could sag in wind and rain.
The lens does not have no need for fertilizer or as an amendment.
The lens does calls for no watering particular and should only be watered in case of prolonged drought.
Too much water tends to develop the foliage rather than the flowering and therefore the appearance of lentil seeds.
At the end of the crop, you can tear off the stems and turn the soil over because the lentil does not grow back year after year.
Harvesting cultivated lentils
The average yield of lenses is of the order of 150 per m2. If we consider that we can plant 10 to 12 plants per m2, the yield of a lentil plant is about 15g
We can therefore say that the production of lentils requires a large number of plants to have an interesting harvest.
How do you know when is the right time to harvest lentils so that they are neither too ripe nor too young?
- The lentils are harvested in early summer.
- Cut off the feet before they are fully ripe.
- The cut feet are left to mature in a dry and ventilated place, preferably upside down.
Lentil seeds store best when in their pods.
It is therefore preferable to leave them in their pods and remove them as and when required.
But you can also store lentil seeds for several months in a dry place, ideally in an airtight jar such as a jam jar.
The lens does not need to be placed in the refrigerator.
The main diseases that affect the lenses are:
- Theanthracnose is characterized by the appearance of brown spots on the leaves
- The aphid is the main parasite that affects lenses
The best treatment against these diseases is spraying Bordeaux mixture as a preventive measure and as a basic treatment when it is hot and humid (especially after a period of rain)
In regards to parasites, we also find theaphids and slugs
Dried lentil seeds are recommended for their protein, fiber and mineral content.
> Health : the lens has many benefits and virtues